Add colour to the English language by using these wonderful idioms! Keep your fellow students guessing by using a new idiom each day!
用这些精彩的成语为英语增添色彩!每天用一个新的成语让你的同学们猜一猜!

Below is a list of idiomatic expressions related to colour:
下面是与颜色相关的惯用表达列表:

colour idioms with meanings
含有颜色的俚语意思:

BLACK IDIOMS
黑色习语

1. Black and white
1.非黑即白的

To take everything into consideration and oversimplify something. To judge everything as either one way or the other, good or bad.
考虑问题的方式,非黑即白的,绝对化的。

Our boss always thinks that everything is straightforward, but he doesn’t realise that this whole situation is not as black and white as he thinks!
老板想问题总是太简单。他根本意识不到情况并非向他想的那样非黑即白!

2. Put something down in black and white
2.白纸黑字

To write or have something written down on paper for confirmation or evidence
把某物写在纸上以作确认或证明

I don’t understand why you don’t believe me! Look, it’s written here in black and white!
白纸黑字摆在这,你为什么就是不信我!

3. Black as night
3.漆黑一片

Somewhere very dark, when it is hard to see anything
漆黑一片,伸手不见五指

We had another power cut last night; it was as black as night in our house. We didn’t even have any candles!
昨晚我们又停电了,房子里一片漆黑。我们连蜡烛都没有!

4. Black and blue
4.鼻青脸肿

Used to describe something that is badly bruised
皮肤被打的青一块紫一块

John’s face was black and blue after the boxing match.
约翰在拳击比赛后脸色青一块紫一块。

5. Black eye
5.黑眼圈

A bruise near one’s eye
眼睛附近的瘀伤

Fred came home with a horrible black eye today, but he won’t tell us what happened!
弗雷德青着眼睛回家,却怎么也不告诉我们到底发生了什么!

6. Black out
6.熄灭,晕厥

This means to, either darken by putting out or dimming the lights, or to lose consciousness.
这意味着,要么通过熄灭或调暗灯光来变暗,要么失去意识。

We had a huge black out here last night, the whole town was out of power for about 7 hours!
昨晚我们这里停电了,整个镇子停电了大约7个小时!

I don’t know what happened to him, he just blacked out! Maybe he banged his head.
我不知道他出了什么事,他昏过去了!也许他撞到了头。

7. Black as a skillet
7.黑如煮锅

Used to describe something that is very dirty, black with dirt
用来描述某物极脏,混着泥土

My hands and clothes were as black as a skillet, and I was only halfway through cleaning your garage!
车库才打扫一半,我的衣服上、手上就全是泥土了。

8. Black market
8.黑市交易

A term used for places where goods are illegally bought and sold for a profit.
指为牟利而非法买卖货物的地方。

Jerry used to sell cigarettes from South America on the black market!
杰瑞以前在黑市上卖南美的香烟!

9. Blackball someone
9.反对某人

To exclude or ostracise someone socially, reject them
排斥或排斥某人,拒绝他们

Their company has been blackballed ever since that scandal was all over the newspapers. No one wants to do business with them anymore.
自从那件丑闻传遍各大报纸以来,他们的公司就一直遭到拒绝。没有人想再和他们做生意了。

10. Blacklist someone
10.将某人列入黑名单

To write someone’s name on a list if they break any rules, and ban them from having the opportunity to take part again
如果某人违反了任何规则,就把他的名字写在名单上,并禁止他有机会再次参加

“I was in a lot of debt a while ago, and was unable to pay it all back, so I’ve been blacklisted. I’m not allowed to get a mortgage in my own name.
“之前我负债累累,无法偿还所有的欠款,因此被列入了黑名单。从此之后,再也不能申请贷款了。”

11. Pot calling the kettle black (shorten version: pot kettle black)
11.五十步笑百步

This is used when the person who hypocritically criticises or accuses someone else is as guilty as the person he or she criticises or accuses
当伪善地批评或指责他人的人与他或她批评或指责的人一样有罪时,就使用这种方法。

She kept telling me that I shouldn’t do that, but that’s like the pot calling the kettle black, as she does it herself too!
她滔滔不绝地告诉我不该那么做,可她自己还是老样子,真是五十步笑百步!

12. Blackmail someone
12.敲诈某人

To extort or take money from someone by using their secrets against them and threatening to reveal it to others
利用某人的秘密向他敲诈或索取钱财,并威胁将其泄露给他人

He has been blackmailing me for months with some photos that I didn’t know he had. I need someone to help me stop him!
数月来,他一直用这些照片对我敲诈勒索。

13. In someone’s black books
13.列入黑明册

To be in disgrace or in disfavour with someone
很不讨人喜欢或不受欢迎

After that argument yesterday, I assure you he will be in a lot of people’s black books for quite some time!
昨晚那场争执,估计你得罪了不少人!

14. Black tie event/affair
14.需穿正装出席的场合

A formal event where male guests wear black bow ties with tuxedos or dinner jackets
男性须着黑领结晚礼服的正式场合

The award’s ceremony will be a black tie event, so I’ll have to buy a smart suit. My wife is going to wear her purple ball gown.
颁奖典礼需穿正装,因此我得买套时髦的衣服。妻子打算穿那件紫色舞袍。

15. Black sheep
15.害群之马

Used to describe a person who is the ‘odd one out’ of a group, and doesn’t fit in with others around them. This could also be used to talk about someone who is a disgrace or embarrassment to their group.
用来描述家族或集体的败类

I have always been the black sheep in my family, I have a completely different personality to all of them, and we don’t even look the same!
我一直是家里的败家子,性格与他们完全不同,就连长相也不怎么一样!

16. In the black
16.盈利

Meaning successful or profitable
获得成功或有盈余

Their company has been in the black ever since the new CEO took over, and changed it all around!
新总裁上任后,这家公司常年赢利,有了很大改观。

17. Pitch black
17.漆黑一片

Another term for somewhere that is very dark, and you are unable to see anything
描述某地漆黑一片,伸手不见五指。

I was afraid to go downstairs, the whole house was pitch black, and very quiet.
房子里漆黑静寂,我不敢下楼。

BLUE IDIOMS
蓝色习语

18. Out of the blue
18.出乎意料

To appear out of nowhere without any warning, to happen quite suddenly or randomly by surprise
没有任何征兆的出现,突然发生

You won’t believe it but Sarah called me out of the blue yesterday, and told me she’s coming to visit! How unexpected!
你不会相信昨天萨拉昨天突然给我打电话了,她说她回来拜访!多不可思议!

Greg has decided to quit his job out of the blue, and go travelling for a year!
格雷格突然辞了工作,外出旅行了!

19. Blue pencil
19.蓝铅笔

To censor something, or limit the information that is shared
对分享的内容审查或删节

The reports about how soldiers were being treated abroad had been blue-pencilled by the authorities.
当局对士兵在国外所受待遇的报告进行了审查。

20. A blue-eyed boy
20.宠儿,红人

A critical description of a boy or young man who is always picked for special favours by someone in a position of higher authority.
(贬义)出于一些原因,特别受上级中意的孩子或年轻男子

He is such a blue-eyed boy! I don’t like that the manager always treats him as if he is special, it is not fair on the rest of us!
他可真是个宠儿!经理总对他搞特殊,一点也不公平,真让人讨厌!

21. A bolt from the blue
21.晴天霹雳

When some unexpected bad news is received
坏消息不期而至

It was a complete bolt from the blue for us, we had no idea that they were having problems, let alone getting divorced!
我们完全没想到他俩有问题,更不用说离婚了,这真是个晴天霹雳!

22. Blue blood
22.贵族血统

Used to describe someone from a noble, aristocratic or wealthy family
描述某人出身高贵,家庭富裕

Many of the blue bloods in our town were invited to the royal wedding.
镇上的贵族都收到了皇室婚礼的邀请。

23. Blue ribbon
23.蓝绶带

To be of superior quality or distinction, the best of a group
品质最佳或最高荣誉,最优秀的群体

A blue ribbon panel of experts were invited to investigate the extraordinary remains.
权威专家小组受邀调查这些不寻常的遗体。

24. Talk a blue streak
24.滔滔不绝地讲话

When someone talks very much and very rapidly
某人话多,语速还快

The woman in the hospital bed next to me talked a blue streak all day. I don’t where she got the energy from!
临床那位女士整日滔滔不绝连珠炮似地跟我讲话。

25. Feel blue
25.情绪低落

When someone looks or feels depressed or discontented
描述某人情绪不佳或不满意

What’s that the matter with you today? You seem really blue. Is there something you’d like to talk about?
你看起来不太开心呀,怎么了?愿意跟我聊聊吗?

26. Blue in the face
26.筋疲力尽

To try really hard to win someone’s agreement, but usually end unsuccessfully
努力劝说某人,但往往无劳而返

I kept trying to convince him that it was a good idea until I was blue in the face, but he’s so stubborn, he just kept disagreeing with me!
我不停告诉他这是个好主意,可是直到我说的面红耳赤,他还是固执己见,不听我的!

27. Once in a blue moon
27.千载难逢

To occur extremely rarely, or only once in a lifetime
极少发生或一辈子才能遇见一次的事

My sister is working in Africa, she hardly ever has the time to call us. My parents only hear from her once in a blue moon.
姐姐在非洲工作,几乎没时间金沙集团官方网站 。父母也很少接到她的电话。

28. Men/boys in blue
28.警察

Used to describe the police, because of the colour of their uniforms
由于警服是蓝色的,因此用此代指警察

I saw the boys in blue outside our neighbour’s house last night. I hope everything is okay.
昨天在邻居家门口看见警察了,希望没出什么事。

29. Blue collar
29.蓝领

Used to describe men used as labourers, or factory workers
从事劳动工作的雇员或工人

The got rid of a lot of the blue-collar workers during the recession. I would say they definitely suffered the most.
大萧条期间,他们解雇了大批工人。

BROWN IDIOMS
棕色习语

30. Browned off
30.厌烦

To be bored or annoyed with someone or something
对某人或某物感到厌烦或恼火

I’m always browned off when he comes to visit. He doesn’t like doing anything, and he hardly ever talks to anyone!
他来拜访时,我总是感到厌烦。他不喜欢做任何事,而且几乎不跟任何人说话!

31.( as ) brown as a berry
31.黝黑的

The sunbed make me as brown as a berry.

日光浴把我晒得黝黑。

32.a brown study
32.沉思、遐想

I didn’t speak to him as he seemed to be in a brown study.

我没有跟他说话,他好像在沉思。

GREEN IDIOMS
绿色习语

33. To be green
33.新手

Used to describe someone who is immature, or inexperienced
用来形容不成熟或缺乏经验的人

He can be rather green sometimes. I don’t think he’s ready to be promoted to a higher position yet.
他有时会显得经验不足。我认为他还没有准备好升职。

34. Green with envy
34.嫉妒某人

Used to describe someone who is extremely jealous, full of envy
用来形容一个有嫉妒心,充满嫉妒的人

When we were children, my older brother always used to get green with envy if my dad bought something for me and not for him.
当我们还是孩子的时候,我哥哥总是嫉妒我爸爸为我而不是为他买东西。

35. Give someone the green light / get the green light
35.给某人开绿灯

When someone receives, or is given, permission to go ahead with something
当某人收到或被给予继续做某事的许可时

We have been given the green the light by the Marketing Executive to go ahead with the new advertising campaign.
营销主管给我们开了绿灯,让我们继续开展新的广告活动。

36. Grass is always greener on the other side
36.这边山望那边青

Used to describe a place that is far away, and better than, where you are now, or another person’s situation that is very different from your own
用来描述一个离你很远,而且比你现在所在的地方更好的地方,或者一个人的情况与你自己的情况大不相同。

He realised that the grass is always greener on the other side when he saw that his new job wasn’t perfect, and had its own problems too.
当他看到自己的新工作并不完美,而且也有自己的问题时,他意识到这边山望那边高。

37. Green belt
37.绿化带

An area of fields and trees around a town
城镇周围的一片田野和树木

Our city has a policy of increasing the green belt around it.
我们的城市有一项增加周边绿化带的政策。

38. Green thumb/green finger
38.有园艺天赋

Used to describe someone with a talent for gardening, having the ability to make plants grow
用来形容一个有园艺天赋,有使植物生长的能力的人

This garden used to look so beautiful when my mum lived here. She definitely had a green thumb. I wish I did too!
当我妈妈住在这里的时候,这个花园曾经看起来很漂亮。她有园艺天赋。我也希望如此!

GREY IDIOMS
灰色习语

39. A grey area
39.灰色地带

Something that is not clearly defined, and there is still debate as to whether it is ‘black or white’, neither one way or another
没有明确确定的范围

Some of the current rules surrounding bedroom tax in the UK seem to be in a grey area, as many residents disagree with its determining factors.
英国目前有关卧室税的一些规定似乎处于灰色地带,因为许多居民不同意其决定因素。

GOLD IDIOMS
金色习语

40. A golden opportunity
40.一个宝贵机会

An opportunity that may never present itself again
可能再也不会出现的机会

Think carefully about what you’re going to do, this is a golden opportunity, and you don’t want to mess it up!
仔细考虑你将要做什么,这是一个宝贵的机会,你不想把它搞砸!

41. A golden handshake
41.解雇金

A large sum of money that is paid to a retiring manager or director, or to a redundant worker
付给退休的经理或董事或多余的工人的一大笔钱

The company Chairman received a huge golden handshake when he retired.
公司董事长退休后得到了一笔巨大的退休金。

42. Golden boy
42.很受欢迎的人

The term given to a young man idolised for a great skill, usually in sport.
一个年轻人因技艺高超而受到崇拜的术语,通常指体育运动。

By many of his fans, Wayne Rooney is seen as the golden boy of his football team.
许多球迷都认为鲁尼是他足球队的金童。

PINK IDIOMS
粉色习语

43. Tickled pink
43.很满意

To be very pleased, thrilled or delighted about something
对某事感到高兴、兴奋或高兴

Anna was tickled pink that her fiancé had made such an effort for her birthday.
安娜的未婚夫为她的生日做出了如此大的努力,这使她十分高兴。

44. See pink elephants
44.天方夜谭之事

When someone sees things that are not really there, because they are in their imagination
由于想象,某人看到不真实的事物

Anyone who hears his story thinks he sees pink elephants. It’s just such a far-fetched story, and very hard to believe.
任何人听到他这套说辞,都会觉得他喝醉了。这个说法太牵强了,很难令人相信。

45. Pink Slip
45.解雇通知书

A termination notice received from a job
终止合约的书面通知

They gave me my pink slip last week, so I’ve got to find a new job now.
上周,我接到了解雇通知书,现在不得不找份新工作了。

59. In the pink of something

Meaning in very good health
表示身体状况良好

My grandmother looked ever so well when I saw her, she was in the pink of condition.
祖母得到了很好的照顾,看上去身体不错。